Directorate-General for Trade The Director General
Brussels, 13 August 2014
Trade/dga2.e.l (2014)2863262
By email: ask+request-1421 [email protected]
Subject: Document request pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1049/2001 (GESTDEM 2014/3586)
 Dear Mr Galan, Thank you for your request Gestdem 2014/3586, received on 4 August 2014, for access to documents under Regulation No 1049/20011regarding public access to European Parliament, Council and Commission documents ("the Regulation"). We understand from your request that you would like to have access to the following TTIP documents:
Consolidated text proposals, non-papers and draft text proposals in thefollowing areas:
-Chapter on Energy and Raw Materials
-Chapter on Financial Services ”
-Chapter on Services and Investments, Intellectual Property and Public Procurement Services
 Before I go into the details of your requests, let me draw your attention to the General Court rulings concerning the access to documents of international agreements. As you know, the success of the negotiations depends to a large extent on the protection of objectives, tactics and fall-back positions of the parties involved. While the Commission is
1OJ L 145, 31.5.2001, p. 43.
highly committed to the principle of transparency, a certain level of discretion and special care in handling its negotiating documents is essential. Only by safeguarding this discretion can the Commission preserve the room for manoeuvre required to lead the negotiations to a conclusion which promotes the EU interest. Indeed, as the General Court recognised in case T-301/1023,
the negotiation o f international agreements can justify, in order to ensure the effectiveness o f the negotiation, a certain level o f discretion to allow mutual trust between negotiators and the development o f a free and effective discussion. [...] [AJny form o f negotiation necessarily entails a number o f tactical considerations o f the negotiators, and the necessary cooperation between the parties depends to a large extent on the existence o f a climate o f mutual trust.
 The General Court acknowledged furthermore that
[i]n the context o f international negotiations, the positions taken by the European Union are, by definition, subject to change depending on the course o f those negotiations, and on concessions and compromises made in that context by the various stakeholders, [...j [Tjhe formulation o f negotiating positions may involve a number o f tactical considerations o f the negotiators, including the European Union itself. In that context, it is possible that the disclosure by the European Union, to the public, o f its own negotiating positions, even though the negotiating positions o f the other parties remain secret, could, in practice, have a negative effect on the negotiating position o f the  European Union.
 Furthermore, such discretion is also required to safeguard the mutual trust between the negotiating parties, which is an essential precondition for the success of the negotiations. Indeed, some of the documents requested include direct and indirect references to the negotiation positions of the US. Release of the latter position would undermine the trust of the US in the confidentiality of the negotiations, and therefore also the chances of reaching successful negotiation results. The fact that both negotiating partners have pledged to respect the confidentiality of the negotiations within the limits of their respective access to documents rules only reinforces this conclusion4. In the above-mentioned judgment5, the General Court confirmed that
in the context o f international negotiations, unilateral disclosure by one negotiating party o f the negotiating  position o f one or more other parties, even i f this appears anonymous at first sight, may be likely to seriously undermine, for the negotiating party whose position is made public and,
2 Judgment of the General Court of 19 March 2013 in case T-301/10, Sophie in 't Veld v European Commission, paragraph 119. 3 Ibid, paragraph 125. 4Arrangement on TTIP negotiating documents -EU letter to the US available in 151621.pdf -US letter to the EU available in O.pdf 5 Paragraph 126.
moreover, fo r the other negotiating parties who are witnesses to that disclosure, the mutual trust essential to the effectiveness o f those negotiations. As the Commission emphasises, establishing and protecting a sphere o f mutual trust in the context o f international relations is a very delicate exercise.
Your request concerning TTIP documents
 We have identified 22 documents (see Annex I) falling under the scope of your request out of which 1 document concerns the EU draft text proposal on public procurement, with security classification as "EU Restricted" sent by the European Commission to the Member States and the INTA Committee in the European Parliament, and ° 21 papers (consisting of initial position papers, papers or non-papers678), out of which o 18 papers, with security classification as "EU Restricted" or “EU Limited” as sent by the European Commission to the Member States and the INTA Committee in the European Parliament; and o 3 public documents.
f t .
Concerning the status of EU draft text proposal in the areas of your request, ahead of the 6
TTIP negotiating round the Commission published a summary of the state of play of the negotiations, and progress achieved by the negotiators to date in all the areas of the
negotiations. As you can see in the document, in only one area falling under the scope of your request the negotiations have reached the stage in which discussions are based on consolidated texts. In the area of public procurement, discussions have only recently started to take place on the basis of consolidated texts. The three public documents referred to above, concern the initial EU position papers  presented to the US during the negotiations. In the areas of your interest the following papers are available: -Energy & Raw Materials - 151624.pdf -Financial Services - 018 -Public Procurement - 151623.pdf
6 For the purpose of negotiations documents shared by the Commission with the EU Member States and the European Parliam ent/INTA Committee are all considered papers irrespective of w hether the title refers of initial position papers, non-papers or concept papers. 7 TTIP state of play available in 8 Energy and Raw Materials, Financial Services, Services and Investment, Intellectual Property, Public Procurement
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